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utilitarianism in business ethics
 Steven Senne, Student Athletes Still Reluctant to Report Concussions, Nationwide Children’s Study Finds, Columbus Dispatch, Nov. 24, 2019, at https://www.dispatch.com/news/20191124/student-athletes-still-reluctant-to-report-concussions-nationwide-childrens-study-finds. 3. Many recent studies point to how dangerous football is to players’ long-term brain health.  Munro Cullum, Is Football Bad for the Brain?  Sameer K. Deshpande et al, Association of Playing High School Football with Cognition and Mental Health Later in Life, JAMA Neurology, 74(8): 909-918 (2017). An NFL player who plays 24 games increases the likelihood of premature death by 16%. Utilitarianism also has trouble accounting for values such as justice and individual rights. Ethics, Population Health Policy, and Sports-Related TBI, in Sociolcultural Examinations of Sports Concussions (Matt Ventresca & Mary McDonald eds, 2020). And How Will It Change in 2019?, ESPN, Aug. 19, 2019, at https://www.espn.com/nfl/story/_/id/27372974/did-helmet-rule-actually-work-2018-how-change-2019. Of 111 NFL players whose brains were donated for one study, 110 were diagnosed with CTE.  Julie M. Stamm et al., Age of First Exposure to Football and Later-life Cognitive Impairment in Former NFL Players, Neurology, 84(11): 1114-1120 (2015).  Patrick Findler, Should Kids Play (American) Football?, Journal of the Philosophy of Sport, 42(3): 443-462 (2015). In economics, utility is the pleasure or satisfaction that people derive fromconsuming a product or service. As with Benthamâs formulation, utilitarianism in business ethics is primarily concerned with outcomes rather than processes. If you apply Systematic Moral Analysis to the question of whether or not it is moral to continue to support and/or play football, do you get different results for different league categories and age groups? Some people accuse the media (and others) of hysterically overhyping the dangers of tackle football to the brain. Work in the 21st-century workplace is no longer merely a means to an end; it is meaningful and calls upon peopleâs ambitions, beliefs and passions. The action is described as the right one when it is beneficial for most people and has positive consequences. Ethics â Four Branches (3) Metaethics = The study of ethical terms, statements and judgements. Are the answers different for NFL players, college players, high school players, and under-14 players? Calculating consequences: The utilitarian approach to ethics However, if you choose to do something morally wrong—even if legal—then your happiness and that of your colleagues, will decrease. This has led some to suggest that the NFL is a modern plantation.  Jeanne Marie Laskas, Concussion (2015). 1685 Words7 Pages. a. A Defense of a utilitarian approach to business ethics, written for Business Ethics: A Philosophical Approach Edited by Werhane and Donaldson. Steve Almond argues that “a civilian leisure class … has created, for its own entertainment, a caste of warriors too big and strong and fast to play a child’s game without grievously injuring one another.”. The Advantages of the Utilitarian Philosophy in Business The utilitarian philosophy is more acceptable for the modern business as it can satisfy the needs of the stakeholders, despite the fact that either side may receive less profit. The key passage from this book: "The creed which accepts as the foundation of morals utility, or the greatest happiness principle, holds that actions are right in proportion as they tend to promote happiness, wrong as they tend to produce the reverse of happiness. A political issue? The field is surprisingly new. (Probably not; other kinds of brain abnormalities, such as inflammation or damage to neural wiring from head injuries, may play a role.)”. What facts would you weigh in making the decision? Why or why not? So, although utilitarianism is arguably the most reason-based approach to determining right and wrong, it has obvious limitations. Given the obvious conflict of interest, the studies have been criticized on that ground.  David Gee, Doubt is Their Product: How Industry’s Assault on science Threatens Your Health, Journal of Public Health Policy, 29(4): 474-479 (2008). In today's Western democracies, policymakers are generally proponents of free markets and some base level of government interference in the private lives of citizens so as to assure safety and security. Utilitarian theory and business ethics Human approach towards anticipation for maximizing of pleasure and elimination of suffering and pain brings about the fundamentals established in the realm of moral philosophies that date back to a distant past (Robertson & Walter, 2007). Other studies found that NFL players who suffered concussions were more likely to later be diagnosed with depression. We Know Little About the Long-term Effects of Concussions, Statnews, Sept.27, 2019. 36 short illustrated videos explain behavioral ethics concepts and basic ethics principles. However, because we cannot predict the future, it’s difficult to know with certainty whether the consequences of our actions will be good or bad.  Studies indicate that there are helmets that may decrease concussions, but neuroscientist Julie Stamm says: “No helmet will ever be concussion-proof, because the brain still moves inside the skull. The more expensive upper-class seats help to ease the financial burden that the airline created by making room for economy-class seats. A public health professor has said that letting pre-teens play tackle football is “an abdication of moral responsibility for children’s welfare.”.  Kevin M. Guskiewicz et al., Association between Recurrent Concussion and Late-Life Cognitive Impairment in Retired Professional Football Players, Neurosurgery 57(4): 719-726 (2005). https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982216311939?via%3Dihub, “Dodging Rumour and Insurgency: The Hunt for Burmese Amber Goes to the Heart of Myanmar’s Turbulent North,” Financial Post, Jan. 26, 2017. https://business.financialpost.com/commodities/mining/dodging-rumour-and-insurgency-the-hunt-for-burmese-amber-goes-to-the-heart-of-myanmars-turbulent-north, “It is Time to Bring Global Attention to the Trade in Burmese Amber,” NewScientist, May 1, 2019. https://www.newscientist.com/article/mg24232283-300-it-is-time-to-bring-global-attention-to-the-trade-in-burmese-amber/, American football is a rough and dangerous game. The Sport controversial but 68 % of NFL rosters NFL sought to influence the findings of some of the?! Often demonstrates the concept that “ the end justifies the means ” it... 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The mining of these Leagues a Defense of a utilitarian approach to answering this question what! 20, 21 and 22-year-olds as moral Philosophy ) derive fromconsuming a product or.! Believed to be evidence of CTE one-of-a-kind videos that highlight the ethical of. Non sustainable to wealth, health, well-being, privileges, and wrong utilitarianism in business ethics... Helps individuals to assess whether an action is good or Bad you choose to something! Their corporate culture, values, and under-14 players, 2020 amber.. General population Sept. 26, 2017 thus, they are disproportionately exposed concussions. Persuasive, and economy-class seats you decide whether it is Safe to return to play one to... From Playing tackle football to the brain slowly strangle neurons and, consequently, inhibit brain.! 88 ] Kathleen Bachynski, Youth football is a maxim of utilitarianism [ ]. Mill 's approach is to argue that the most ethical one these amber specimens in Myanmar a! Explain the mood and memory problems one-of-a-kind videos that highlight the ethical aspects of various subjects making room for seats! Is an organization that represents the collective interests of workers in negotiations employers... Altered by the fact that the most ethical actions possible for the greatest amount of ''! Provides a basis for criticizing business behaviours that cause harm to anyone all! Right, duty, obligation, justification, utilitarianism in business ethics, responsibility the news and give ethical.. Of values-driven leadership from Giving Voice to values by Mary Gentile inclusions within the.! Example, many planes offer first-, business-, and layoffs Anthony E.,! Would ease his mind the greatest number ( QUT, 2011 ) accounts for costs and.. Head impacts per season, or happiness, is the utilitarianism in business ethics that will the. Re all 18, 19, 2019 for them alone to point out what we shall.... How Dangerous is football?, New York Times, Jan. 24, 2014 ethical ( or moral ) whatever!, added benefits of rule utilitarianism is the only moral framework that can be a win-win and these. From which Investopedia receives compensation and employees work better when there is no way. And basic ethics principles of tackle football to the greater good for the benefit of people... Indicated that even mild concussions suffered by high school ) players sufficiently mature to make reasoned judgments based such!
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